Northeast Atlantic

International actors and agreements in the region

The North Sea (and its approaches) has been designated as a Special Area for the purpose of Annex I (oil) to MARPOL 73/78.

See Global action and Global actors.

Convention of the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes • UN ECE. ••>

UNEP Regional Seas Programme. ••>

UNEP Global programme of action for the protection of the marine environment from land-based activities (UNEP GPA). ••>

UNEP:s Regional Office for Europe. ••>

National action

National organization of response within the framework of the EU Community Information System: • BelgiumDenmarkFranceGermanyIrelandNetherlandsPortugalSpainSwedenUnited Kingdom



  • Cedre, Centre of documentation, research and experimentation on accidental water pollution). Oil spills. Accidents.






  • Direcção-Geral da Autoridade, Marítima, Marinha.



United Kingdom

Regional conventions, agreements, action plans and actors

Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of North-East Atlantic • OSPAR Commission. ••>

Bonn Agreement. ••>

Copenhagen Agreement. ••>

North Sea Conferences and Declarations. ••>

Wadden Sea Joint Declaration and Action Plan • Wadden Sea Secretariat. ••>

Rhine Convention • ICPR. ••>

Peripheral Maritime Regions of Europe. ••>

Paris MoU on Port State Control ••>

Regional reports on the state of the marine and coastal environment

OSPAR Quality Status Report 2000.

EEA: Marine and Coastal Environment. Annual topic update 1999 (EEA Topic Center on Marine and Coastal Environment)

EEA: State of the environment reporting system (SERIS): Atlantic. See also country reports for Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

KIMO: Impacts of Marine Debris and Oil

Wadden Sea Quality Status Report 1999.

Forum Skagen: Forum Skagerrak Reports.

UNEP GPA: North East Atlantic (brief description of environmental state, priority issues, etc.).

UNEP: Global Environment Outlook 3 (GEO3). Coastal and marine areas.

University of Rhode Island: Large Marine Ecosystems (LME): The region includes the East Greenland Shelf, Iceland Shelf, Faroe Plateau, Norwegian Shelf, North Sea, Celtic Sea–Bay of Biscay, and the Iberian Coastal system.

Private sector and NGOs actors and initiatives

European Community Shipowners Association (ECSA). See Annual Report on Safety and Environment.

CONCAWE. The oil companies' European organisation for environment, health and safety.

Europia. The European government affairs organisation of the oil refining and marketing industry in the EU and EEA.

European Sea Ports Organisation. ••>

European Union for Coastal Conservation. ••>

North Sea Commission. ••>

Forum Skagerrak. ••>

KIMO. ••>

Seas at Risk. ••>

Coastwatch. ••>

WWF Northeast Atlantic Programme.

Oilwatch. ••>

International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation (ITOPF). ••>

International Directory of Oil Spill Cleanup Contractors and Response Organisations. ••>

International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA). ••>

Cleanup a fter the Prestige accident off Galicia, November 2002. The single-hull tanker, in distress in heavy wind and strong winds, broke in two and sank into 3,500 metres depth about 130 nautical miles off the coast. Most of the cargo of 77,000 tonnes of heavy fuel oil has already been released into the sea, but the wreck is still leaking oil.

Photo: © Pablo. First published on the web site La Marea Negra (unfortunately, no longer available).