South Pacific

International actors and agreements in the region

The Great Barrier Reef (Australia) has been designated as a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area in accordance with IMO resolution A.927(22). When approved as a PSSA, specific measures can be used to control the maritime activities in that area, such as routeing measures, strict application of MARPOL discharge and equipment requirements for ships, such as oil tankers; and installation of Vessel Traffic Services (VTS). The Great Barrier Reef PSSA, between the Quensland coastline and nearest land, defined as a line drawn between co-ordinates on the outer edge of the reef. Oil tankers are prohibited from discharging within 50 nautical miles of the outer edge of the Reef and up to 200 nm from the Quensland coast.

See Global action and Global actors.

UNEP Regional Seas Programme. ••>

UNEP Global programme of action for the protection of the marine environment from land-based activities (UNEP GPA). ••>

UNEP Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP). ••>

UNEP Regional Resource Centre for Asia and Pacific (RRC.AP). ••>

UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). ••>

Small Island Developing States Network (SIDSnet). ••>

Regional conventions, agreements, action plans and actors

Convention for the Protection of Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific Region (Nouméa Convention/SPREP Convention) • South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP). ••>

Convention on Conservation of Nature in the South Pacific (Apia Convention). ••>

Convention to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of Hazardous Wastes and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the South Pacific (Waigani Convention). ••>

Action Plan for Managing the Environment of the Pacific Islands Region 2001-2004 (including Pacifc Ocean Pollution Prevention Programme). ••>

Oceania Regional Response Team (ORRT), an advisory board to the Federal On Scene Coordinator.  The ORRT provides Federal, State and local governmental agencies with means to participate in responses to pollution incidents. See also list of agencies involved.

UNDP-GEF-SPREP: Strategic Action Programme for the International Waters of the Pacific Small Island Developing States. ••>

Regional reports on the state of the marine and coastal environment

SPREP: Pollution in the Pacfic. See also the report "Improving Ships' Waste Management in Pacific Islands Ports".

UNEP: Asia Pacific Environment Outlook 2. Published periodically to present the state of environment and its trend in the region. The report aims to critically review the existing status of the environment, the driving forces for changes, and the existing set of policy initiatives undertaken to confront environmental challenges.

Pacific Islands Environment Outlook. Part of a UNEP project to produce state of the environment assessments for the countries of the Caribbean, Western Indian Ocean and Pacific Islands. Co-ordinated by SPREP, on behalf of UNEP and with the financial assistance of the EU.

ESCAP: State of the Environment in Asia and the Pacific 2000.

UNEP GPA: Overview of Land-based pollutant Sources and Activities affecting the Marine, Coastal and Freshwater Environment in the Pacific Islands region.

UNEP GPA: South Pacific Region (brief description of environmental state, priority issues, etc.).

UNEP: Global Environment Outlook 3 (GEO3). Coastal and marine areas.

University of Rhode Island: Large Marine Ecosystems (LME):The Region is made up of the following LMEs: Northeast Australian Shelf and Great Barrier ReefEast-Central Australian ShelfSoutheast Australian ShelfSouthwest Australian ShelfNew Zeeland Shelf.

National action

Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA). ••>

Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. ••>

Australian Marine Oil Spill Centre (AMOSC). ••>

Australian Coastal Atlas. ••>

Maritime Safety Authority of New Zealand. ••>

New Zealand Petroleum. ••>

Private sector and NGOs actors and initiatives

Australian Petroleum Production Exploration Association (APPEA). ••>

Australian Institute of Petroleum (AIP). ••>

Oilwatch. ••>

International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation (ITOPF). ••>

International Directory of Oil Spill Cleanup Contractors and Response Organisations. ••>

International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA). ••>

Oil on Waikanae beach, New Zealand, February 2002) after the log-carrying ship Jody F Millennium, grounded in breakers off Gisborne's Waikanae beach, started to leak oil. The slick also threatened a nearby wildlife reserve, and marine experts feared this could be the country's worst oil spill in 50 years.

Photo: © AP Photo/ Fotopress.