Eastern Africa




Nairobi Convention
The objective of Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region (Nairobi Convention), which was adopted in 1985 and came into force in 1996, is to protect and manage the marine environment and coastal areas of the Eastern African region. The Contracting Parties commit themselves to take all appropriate measures to prevent, reduce and combat pollution of the Convention area, particularly pollution from ships, dumping, land-based sources, exploration and exploitation of the sea bed, and airborne pollution. They also agree to protect and preserve rare or fragile ecosystems as well as the habitat of depleted, threatened or endangered species and other marine life in specially protected areas. Furthermore, Parties agree to cooperate in dealing with pollution emergencies in the Convention area.

Indian Ocean MoU on Port State Control
According to the Indian Ocean MoU on Port State Control, each Authority will establish and maintain an effective system of Port State Control with a view of ensuring that, without discrimination as to flag, foreign merchant ships visiting the ports of its State comply with the standards laid down in the relevant international instruments.

UNEP Regional Office for Africa (ROA)
The major function of the UNEP Regional Office for Africa (ROA) is to coordinate UNEP's programme of work in the region. ROA acts as the link between the various units and centers of UNEP and the countries in the region, and promotes collaboration and partnerships with organizations active in sustainable development in Africa. ROA provides a wide range of advisory services using either UNEP staff or consultants through an umbrella project known as Regional Advisory Services (RAS). RAS advises on environmental machinery and technical requirements, reviews project proposals, and recommends action by governments and other organizations. ROA covers all 53 countries of the continent. 

African Development Bank
The African Development Bank (ADB) is the premier financial development institution of Africa, dedicated to combating poverty and improving the lives of people of the continent and engaged in the task of mobilising resources towards the economic and social progress of its Regional Member Countries. The bank's Environment and Sustainable Development Unit "is the focal point for addressing and integrating the cross-cutting themes of environment, population, gender, poverty reduction, NGO relations/local participation, and institutional development into the bank's operations." The bank's environmental guidelines include coastal and marine resource management, and fisheries. See also the bank's country environmental profiles for its members.

UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)
The UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) is the regional arm of the United Nations, mandated to support the economic and social development of its 53 member States, foster regional integration, and promote international cooperation for Africa’s development. The Sustainable Development Division (SDD) of UNECA plans and implements a critical program to raise policy-makers’ awareness on the urgency to integrate food, population and environmental concerns in development planning and offers its member States feasible solutions drawn from best practices within Africa and around the world. The UNECA published the report State of the Environment in Africa.

Secretariat for Eastern African Coastal Area Management
The objective of the Secretariat for Eastern African Coastal Area Management (SEACAM), is to assist the Eastern African coastal countries to implement and coordinate coastal management activities following up on the 1993 Arusha Resolution and the 1996 Seychelles Statement on Integrated Coastal Zone Management. The SEACAM Work Programme includes a number of priority areas: Capacity building, particularly of local NGOs; Database of CZM programs, projects and activities; and institutions and individuals; Environmental assessment of coastal aquaculture and coastal tourism; Public sector management; and Sustainable financing of coastal management programmes.

GEF International Waters projects
Addressing Land-based Activities in the Western Indian Ocean: This project has a primary focus on the degradation of the marine and coastal environment due to land-based activities. Three objectives have been identified: Reduce stress to the ecosystem by improving water and sediment quality; Strengthen regional legal basis for preventing land-based sources of pollution; and Develop regional capacity and strengthen institutions for sustainable, less polluting development. The project focus on the Global Program for Action will result in National Plans of Action for abating land-based sources, as well as a regional protocol for the existing Environmental Convention (Nairobi Convention) with Annexes. The project focus on broad stakeholder participation will help assure the sustainability of the GPA Plans of Action.