Northwest Atlantic

National action: CANADA

Environment Canada • Environnement Canada

National Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-Based Activities.

Environmental Emergencies.

Summary of Spill Events in Canada 1984-1995.

Oil, Water and Chocolate Mousse.

Oiled Bird Rehabilitation Program.

• EC Atlantic Region: Birds Oiled at Sea and Marine Pollution Prevention.

Canadian Coast Guard • Garde côtière canadienne

Environmental Response.

National action: UNITED STATES

National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA ):

Office of Response and Restoration;

National Ocean Service

Damage Assessment and Restoration Program.

US Coast Guard (USCG):

National Response Centre.

Marine Safety and Environmental Protection

Spills in U.S. Waters, Annual Data and Graphics, 1969-2000.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA):

Oil Spill Learning Centre.

Emergencies (contingency plans, emergency preparedness and response).

US Department of the Interior, Marine Minerals Service (MMS): National program

Chesapeake Bay Programme– Oil Spill and Response (OSCAR).

International actors and agreements in the region

See Global action and Global actors.

UNEP Global programme of action for the protection of the marine environment from land-based activities (UNEP GPA). ••>

UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE; (including Canada and the United States).

Regional conventions, agreements, action plans and actors

Paris Memorandum of Understanding on Port State Control. Consists of 19 participating maritime administrations (including Canada but not the United States). Covers the waters of the European coastal states and the North Atlantic basin from North America to Europe. Aims at eliminating the operation of sub-standard ships through a harmonized system of port state control.

Regional reports on the state of the marine and coastal environment

U.S. EPA: U.S. Northeast Coastal Conditions.

UNEP: Global Environment Outlook 3 (GEO3). Coastal and marine areas.

University of Rhode Island: Large Marine Ecosystems (LME): The region includes Southeast US Continental Shelf, Northeast US Continental Shelf, Scotian Shelf, and New Foundland – Labrador Shelf.

Private sector and NGOs, actors and initiatives

Refinery Reform Campaign.

Ocean Conservancy: Offshore oil and gas exploration and development.

American Petroleum Institute (API).

Bird Studies Canada, Atlantic Region: Cape Breton Beached Bird Survey.

Oilwatch. ••>

International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation (ITOPF). ••>

International Directory of Oil Spill Cleanup Contractors and Response Organisations. ••>

International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA). ••>