U.S.-Canadian Pacific

National action: CANADA

Environment Canada

Canadian Coast Guard: Environmental Response

British Columbia Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection

Private sector and NGOs actors and initiatives

Refinery Reform Campaign (U.S.). ••>

Ocean Conservancy (U.S.) ••>

Sierra Club (marine committee; U.S.). ••>

Hawa'ii Oil Spill Center (HSC). ••>

American Petroleum Institute (API). ••>

Oilwatch. ••>

International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation (ITOPF). ••>

International Directory of Oil Spill Cleanup Contractors and Response Organisations. ••>

International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA). ••>

Regional reports on the state of the marine and coastal environment

Alaska Department of Environment.

UNEP: Global Environment Outlook 3 (GEO3). Coastal and marine areas..

University of Rhode Island: Large Marine Ecosystems (LME): The region includes the Gulf of California, California Current, Gulf of Alaska, East Bering Sea, and Insular Pacific–Hawaiian.

National action: UNITED STATES

National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) US Coast Guard (USCG) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) US Department of the Interior Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation: Division of Spill Prevention and Response.

Alaska Department of Natural Resources: Division of Oil and Gas

Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission.

Prince William Sound Oil spill Recovery Institute.

U.S. Department Fish and Game: California Office of Spill Prevention and Response (OSPR).

Center for Coastal Studies: Santa Barbara Channel real time data for oil spill response.

International actors and agreements in the region

See Global action and Global actors.

Regional conventions, agreements, action plans and actors

U.S. Pacific States/British Columbia Oil Spill Task Force. ••>

North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES). An intergovernmental scientific organization established in 1992. Present members: Canada, People's Republic of China, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, and the United States of America.

On 24 March, 1989, the tanker Exxon Valdez grounded on Bligh Reef in the upper part of Prince William Sound, Alaska. The tanker was carrying approximately 53 million gallons of crude oil (around 190 000 tonnes). Within a few days, it had spilled almost 11 million gallons (about 38 0000 tonnes) of the oil into Prince William Sound. The picture was taken three days after the vessel grounded, just before a storm arrived. Photo: © NOAA