Northeast Pacific

International actors and agreements in the region

See Global action and Global actors.

UNEP Regional Seas Programme. ••>

UNEP Global programme of action for the protection of the marine environment from land-based activities (UNEP GPA). ••>

UN Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC-CEPAL). ••>

UNEP Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC). ••>

International Coral Reef Initiative and other organizations and networks on the threats to coral reefs, including the effects of litter/debris.

Regional conventions, agreements, action plans and actors

Convention for Cooperation in the Protection and Sustainable Development of Marine and Coastal Environment of the Northeast Pacific (Antigua Convention) • COCATRAM. ••>

Action Plan to the Convention for Cooperation in the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Northeast Pacific. ••>

Latin American Agreement on Port State Control (Viña del Mar Agreement). ••>

Regional reports on the state of the marine and coastal environment

A Regional Diagnostic Study on Land-based Sources of Pollution in the North-East Pacific area is under development.

UNEP GPA: Assessment of Land-based Sources and Activities Affecting the Marine, Coastal and Associated Freshwater Environment in the South-East Pacific. This report includes Panama and Colombia. Four areas — Baha de Panama, and Colombian areas Buenaventura, Tumaco, and Esmeraldas — are identified as risk areas for oil pollution.

UNEP GPA: North East Pacific (brief description of environmental state, priority issues).

UNEP: Global Environment Outlook 3 (GEO3). Coastal and marine areas.

University of Rhode Island: Large Marine Ecosystems (LME): The region includes the Pacific Central American Coastal System.

Private sector and NGOs actors and initiatives

Clean Caribbean Cooperative. ••>

Regional Association of Oil and Natural Gas Companies in Latin America and the Caribbean (ARPEL). ••>

Latin Petroleum Analytics (LAPA). ••>

Rainforest Action Network (RAN): Oil report: Amazon.

International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation (ITOPF). ••>

International Directory of Oil Spill Cleanup Contractors and Response Organisations. ••>

International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA). ••>

Oilwatch. ••>

Much of the oil transported from Alaska to the eastern coast of America is shipped through the Panama Canal (or pumped via the Laguna de Chiriqui oil pipeline).

Photo: © Panama Canal web site